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Heinrich Kuhl

German scientist

Died when: 23 years 362 days (287 months)
Star Sign: Virgo


Heinrich Kuhl

Heinrich Kuhl (September 17, 1797 – September 14, 1821) was a German naturalist and zoologist.Kuhl was born in Hanau (Hesse, Germany).Between 1817 and 1820, he was the assistant of professor Th. van Swinderen, docent natural history at the University of Groningen in Groningen (the Netherlands).

In 1817, he published a monograph on bats, and in 1819, he published a survey of the parrots, Conspectus psittacorum.He also published the first monograph on the petrels, and a list of all the birds illustrated in Daubenton's Planches Enluminées and with his friend Johan Coenraad van Hasselt (1797–1823) Beiträge zur Zoologie und vergleichenden Anatomie ("Contributions to Zoology and Comparative Anatomy") that were published at Frankfurt-am-Main, 1820.

In 1820, he became assistant to Coenraad Jacob Temminck at the Leiden Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie.He then travelled to Java, then part of the colonial Netherlands East Indies, with his friend van Hasselt, to study the animals of the island, sending back to the museum at Leiden 200 skeletons, 200 mammal skins of 65 species, 2000 bird skins, 1400 fish, 300 reptiles and amphibians, and many insects and crustaceans.

He described many new species and new genera of amphibians and reptiles.In 1821, he died in Buitenzorg (now Bogor) of a liver infection brought on by the climate and overexertion.

He had been less than a year in Java.Johan van Hasselt continued his work collecting specimens, but died two years later.

The partners are buried in a single grave in the Botanoical Garden, Bogor, marked with a small column.The standard author abbreviation Kuhl is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.

Several species have been named to commemorate his work as naturalist and zoologist: Fishes * Blue-spotted stingray or Kuhl's stingray, Neotrygon kuhlii * Kuhl's loach or kuhli loach, Pangio kuhlii * Kuhlia, a genus of marine fish, flagtail Herpetofauna * Kuhl's creek frog or large-headed frog, Limnonectes kuhlii, found in Southeast Asia * Kuhl's forest dragon, Gonocephalus kuhli, a lizard found in Indonesia * Kuhl's flying gecko, Ptychozoon kuhli, a gecko found in Southeast Asia Birds * Rimatara lorikeet or Kuhl's lorikeet, Vini kuhlii lorikeet in islands of the South Pacific Mammals * Axis kuhlii, Bawean deer * Callithrix kuhlii * Eptesicus kuhli, synonym of Eptesicus nilssonii * Pipistrellus kuhlii, Kuhl's pipistrelle * Sciurillus pusillus kuhlii * Scotophilus kuhlii

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