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A. K. Fazlul Huq

Bengali politician

Died when: 88 years 183 days (1062 months)
Star Sign: Scorpio

 

A. K. Fazlul Huq

Abul Kasem Fazlul Huq (Bengali: আবুল কাশেম ফজলুল হক, Urdu: ابو القاسم فضل الحق‎; 26 October 1873 — 27 April 1962) popularly known as Banglar Baagh or Sher-e-Bangla (Tiger of Bengal), was a Bengali statesman and jurist who served as the first Prime Minister of Bengal and later as the Home Minister of Pakistan.

A key figure in Pakistan Movement, widely remembered for presenting Pakistan Resolution, he played major political roles in British India and later in Pakistan (including East Pakistan, today's Bangladesh) and held various other political offices.

A.K.Fazlul Huq was first elected to the Bengal Legislative Council from Dhaka in 1913; and served on the council for 21 years until 1934.

He was a member of the Central Legislative Assembly for 2 years, between 1934 and 1936.For 10 years between 1937 and 1947, he was an elected member of the Bengal Legislative Assembly, where he was Prime Minister and Leader of the House for 6 years.

He was later elected to the East Bengal Legislative Assembly, where he was Chief Minister for 2 months; and to the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, where he was Home Minister for 1 year, in the 1950s.

Huq boycotted titles and knighthood granted by the British government.He was notable for his English oratory during speeches to the Bengali legislature.

Huq courted the votes of the Bengali middle classes and rural communities.He pushed for land reform and curbing the influence of zamindars.

Huq was considered a leftist and social democrat on the political spectrum.His ministries were marked by intense factional infighting.

In 1940, Huq had one of his most notable political achievements when he presented the Lahore Resolution.During the Second World War, Huq joined the Viceroy of India's defence council and supported Allied war efforts.

Under pressure from the Governor of Bengal during the Quit India movement and after the withdrawal of the Hindu Mahasabha from his cabinet, Huq resigned from the post of premier in March 1943.

In the Dominion of Pakistan, Huq worked for five years as East Bengal's attorney general and participated in the Bengali Language Movement.

He was elected as chief minister, served as a federal minister and was a provincial governor in the 1950s.Huq became secretary of the Bengal Provincial Muslim League in 1913.

In 1929, he founded the All Bengal Tenants Association, which evolved into a political platform, including as a part of the post-partition United Front.

Huq held important political offices in the subcontinent, including President of the All India Muslim League (1916-1921), General Secretary of the Indian National Congress (1916-1918), Education Minister of Bengal (1924), Mayor of Calcutta (1935), Prime Minister of Bengal (1937-1943), Advocate General of East Bengal (1947-1952), Chief Minister of East Bengal (1954), Home Minister of Pakistan (1955-1956) and Governor of East Pakistan (1956-1958).

Huq was fluent in Bengali, English and Urdu, and had a working knowledge of Arabic and Persian.Huq died in Dacca, East Pakistan on 27 April 1962.

He is buried in the Mausoleum of three leaders.


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