Indonesian politicianDied when: 67 years 45 days (805 months)
Star Sign: Leo
Adam Malik Batubara (22 July 1917 – 5 September 1984), or more commonly referred to simply as Adam Malik, was an Indonesian politician, statesman, diplomat, and journalist, who served as the 3rd Vice President of Indonesia from 1978 until 1983, under President Suharto.
Previously, he served in a number of diplomatic and governmental positions, including Speaker of the People's Consultative Assembly from 1977 to 1978, Speaker of the People's Representative Council from 1977 to 1978, Foreign Minister of Indonesia from 1966 until 1977, and president of the United Nations General Assembly from 1971 until 1972.
Born in Pematangsiantar, North Sumatra, on 22 July 1917.He grew up relatively comfortably, and was educated at the Hollandsch-Inlandsche School (HIS).
He pioneered the establishment of the Antara news agency in 1937, and was an active supporter of Indonesian independence, being put in prison for disobeying the Colonial Government's ban on political assemblies.
Towards independence on 17 August 1945, he was involved in the Rengasdengklok incident and the Proclamation of Independence.Following independence, he served in a number of government positions, including as a member of the People's Representative Council (DPR) and as the Minister for Trade.
He continued to serve in government, following the fall of Sukarno.Being appointed Foreign Minister in 1966.In 1977, he was elected as Speaker of both the People's Representative Council (DPR) People's Consultative Assembly (MPR).
In 1978, he was elected as the 3rd Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia replacing Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono IX who unexpectedly stated that he was not willing to be nominated again.
As vice president, he criticized the government for its increasing feudalism-like structure and rampant corruption, referring it as an "epidemic." In 1983, Malik's term as Vice-President came to an end and he was replaced by Umar Wirahadikusumah.
Adam Malik died on 5 September 1984, in Bandung, due to liver cancer.His body was interred in the Kalibata Heroes Cemetery.
Later, his wife and children immortalized his name by establishing the Adam Malik Museum.He was designated as a National Hero on 6 November 1998 based on Presidential Decree No. 107/TK/1998.