HistorianDied when: 84 years 78 days (1010 months)
Star Sign: Sagittarius
Gershom Scholem (Hebrew: גֵרְשׁׂם שָׁלוֹם) (5 December 1897 – 21 February 1982), was a German-born Israeli philosopher and historian.
He is widely regarded as the founder of the modern, academic study of Kabbalah.He was the first professor of Jewish Mysticism at Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
His close friends included Theodore Adorno, Hannah Arendt, Walter Benjamin and Leo Strauss, and selected letters from his correspondence with those philosophers have been published.
He was also friendly with the author Shai Agnon and the Talmudic scholar Saul Lieberman.Scholem is best known for his collection of lectures, Major Trends in Jewish Mysticism (1941) and for his biography Sabbatai Zevi, the Mystical Messiah (1957).
His collected speeches and essays, published as On Kabbalah and its Symbolism (1965), helped to spread knowledge of Jewish mysticism among both Jews and non-Jews.