German politicianDied when: 72 years 228 days (871 months)
Star Sign: Pisces
Franz Reinhold Schwede (5 March 1888 – 19 October 1960) was a Nazi German politician, Oberbürgermeister (Lord Mayor) of Coburg and both Gauleiter and Oberpräsident of Pomerania.
An early supporter of Adolf Hitler in Coburg, Schwede used intimidation and propaganda to help elect the first Nazi-majority local government in Germany.
This contributed to a personality cult surrounding Schwede and he became known as "Franz Schwede-Coburg".During World War II he ordered secret executions of the infirm and mass deportations of Jews.
He also played a key role in abandoning the Pomeranian civilian population to the advancing Red Army, while escaping their fate himself.
In 1945 he was captured by the British Army and in 1948 he was tried and convicted of war crimes.