African-American activistDied when: 85 years 205 days (1026 months)
Star Sign: Taurus
Fredrick Allen Hampton Sr. (August 30, 1948 – December 4, 1969) was an American activist.He came to prominence in Chicago as deputy chairman of the national Black Panther Party and chair of the Illinois chapter.
As a progressive African American, he founded the antiracist, anticlassist Rainbow Coalition, a prominent multicultural political organization that initially included the Black Panthers, Young Patriots (which organized poor whites), and the Young Lords (which organized Hispanics), and an alliance among major Chicago street gangs to help them end infighting and work for social change.
A Marxist–Leninist, Hampton considered fascism the greatest threat, saying, "nothing is more important than stopping fascism, because fascism will stop us all.” In 1967, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) identified Hampton as a radical threat.
It tried to subvert his activities in Chicago, sowing disinformation among black progressive groups and placing a counterintelligence operative in the local Panthers organization.
In December 1969, Hampton was drugged, shot and killed in his bed during a predawn raid at his Chicago apartment by a tactical unit of the Cook County State's Attorney's Office, who received aid from the Chicago Police Department and the FBI leading up to the attack.
Law enforcement sprayed more than 90 gunshots throughout the apartment; the occupants fired once.During the raid, Panther Mark Clark was also killed and several others were seriously wounded.
In January 1970, the Cook County Coroner held an inquest; the jury concluded that Hampton's and Clark's deaths were justifiable homicides.
A civil lawsuit was later filed on behalf of the survivors and the relatives of Hampton and Clark.It was resolved in 1982 by a settlement of $1.85 million (equivalent to $5.19 million in 2021); the U.S. federal government, Cook County, and the City of Chicago, each paid one-third to a group of nine plaintiffs.
Given revelations about the illegal COINTELPRO program and documents associated with the killings, many scholars now consider Hampton's death an assassination at the FBI's initiative.