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Frederick Chapman Robbins

American doctor

Died when: 86 years 344 days (1043 months)
Star Sign: Virgo

 

Frederick Chapman Robbins

Frederick Chapman Robbins (August 25, 1916 – August 4, 2003) was an American pediatrician and virologist.He was born in Auburn, Alabama, to William Jacob Robbins (Botanist) and Christine Chapman Robbins, and grew up in Columbia, Missouri, attending David H.

Hickman High School.He was the eldest of three sons.He received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1954 along with John Franklin Enders and Thomas Huckle Weller, making Robbins the only Nobel laureate born in Alabama.

The award was for breakthrough work in isolating and growing the poliovirus in tissue culture, paving the way for vaccines developed by Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin.

He attended school at the University of Missouri and Harvard University.In 1952, he was appointed professor of pediatrics at Case Western Reserve University.

Robbins was elected a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1962.From 1966 to 1980, Robbins was dean of the School of Medicine at Case Western.

In 1980, he assumed the presidency of the National Academy of Sciences' Institute of Medicine.Five years later, in 1985, Robbins returned to Case Western Reserve as dean emeritus and distinguished university professor emeritus.

He continued to be a fixture at the medical school until his death in 2003.The medical school's Frederick C.Robbins Society is named in his honor.

His wife, Alice Northrop, daughter of the biochemist John Howard Northrop, died in 2016.Robbins received the Benjamin Franklin Medal for Distinguished Achievement in the Sciences of the American Philosophical Society in 1999.


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