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Heydar Aliyev

President of Azerbaijan

Died when: 80 years 216 days (967 months)
Star Sign: Taurus

 

Heydar Aliyev Heydar Alirza oğlu Aliyev (Azerbaijani: Heydər Əlirza oğlu Əliyev, [hejdær ælirzɑ oɣlu ælijef]; Russian: Гейда́р Али́евич Али́ев, romanized: Geydár Alíyevich Alíyev, [gʲɪjˈdar ɐˈlʲiʲɪvɪtɕ ɐˈlʲiʲɪf]; 10 May 1923 – 12 December 2003) was an Azeri politician who served as the third President of Azerbaijan from October 1993 to October 2003. As the national president, he held constitutional powers, but his influence on Azerbaijani politics had begun years earlier. As a young man he had joined the Azerbaijan SSR People's Commissariat for State Security (NKGB) and quickly rose to the rank of Major-General. The regime established by Heydar Aliyev in Azerbaijan has been described as dictatorial, authoritarian, and repressive. Political commentators highlight that Aliyev ran a heavy-handed police state, that he rigged elections and muzzled the press whereas others emphasize that his balanced policy brought stability to Azerbaijan.
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