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Heydar Aliyev

President of Azerbaijan

Died when: 80 years 216 days
Star Sign: Taurus


Heydar Aliyev | term_end2 = 5 November 1993| predecessor2 = Isa Gambar| successor2 = Rasul Guliyev| office3 = First Deputy Premier of the Soviet Union| term_start3 = 24 November 1982| term_end3 = 23 October 1987| president3 = Vasili Kuznetsov (acting)Yuri AndropovVasili Kuznetsov (acting)Konstantin ChernenkoVasili Kuznetsov (acting)Andrei Gromyko| premier3 = Nikolai TikhonovNikolai Ryzhkov| predecessor3 = Ivan Arkhipov| successor3 = Andrei Gromyko| office4 = Full member of the 26th, 27th Politburo| term_start4 = 22 November 1982| term_end4 = 21 October 1987| office5 = First Secretary of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan| term_start5 = 14 July 1969 | term_end5 = 3 December 1982| blankname5 = General Secretary| blankdata5 = Leonid BrezhnevYuri Andropov| predecessor5 = Veli Akhundov| successor5 = Kamran Baghirov| office6 = Candidate member of the 25th, 26th Politburo| term_start6 = 5 March 1976| term_end6 = 22 November 1982|birth_name=Heydar Alirza oglu Aliyev| birth_date = 10 May 1923| birth_place = Nakhchivan ASSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Transcaucasian SFSR, Soviet Union| death_date = 12 December 2003 (aged 80)| death_place = Cleveland, Ohio, United States| spouse = Zarifa Aliyeva| children = Ilham Aliyev| party = Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1945-1991) New Azerbaijan Party (1992-2003)| religion = Shia Islam| signature = Signature of Heydar Aliyev.png|allegiance = Soviet Union|branch = KGB of Azerbaijan SSR|serviceyears = 1941–1969|rank = Major General|awards = }} Heydar Alirza oglu Aliyev (Azerbaijani: Heydər Əlirza oğlu Əliyev, [hejdær ælirzɑ oɣlu ælijef]; Russian: Гейда́р Али́евич Али́ев, romanized: Geydar Aliyevich Aliyev, [gʲɪjˈdar ɐˈlʲiʲɪvɪtɕ ɐˈlʲiʲɪf]; 10 May 1923 – 12 December 2003) was an Azerbaijani politician who served as the third President of Azerbaijan from October 1993 to October 2003. As national president he held constitutional powers, but his influence on Azerbaijani politics had begun years earlier. As a young man he had joined the Azerbaijan SSR People's Commissariat for State Security (NKGB) and quickly rose to the rank of Major-General. The regime established by Heydar Aliyev in Azerbaijan has been described as dictatorial, authoritarian, and repressive. Political commentators highlight that Aliyev ran a heavy-handed police state, that he rigged elections and muzzled the media whereas others emphasize that his balanced policy brought stability to Azerbaijan.1vf3n2f2ge
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