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Johan Laidoner

Estonian general

Died when: 69 years 29 days (829 months)
Star Sign: Aquarius

 

Johan Laidoner

Johan Laidoner (12 February [O.S. 31 January] 1884 – 13 March 1953) was an Estonian kindral (general) and statesman.He served as Commander‑in‑Chief of the Estonian Armed Forces during the Estonian War of Independence and was among the most influential people in Estonian history between the world wars.

Born in Viiratsi, Governorate of Livonia, Laidoner joined the Imperial Russian Army in 1901 and fought in World War I.Following the October Revolution, he commanded the Estonian national units of the Russian army.

In 1918, the Estonian Provisional Government appointed him commander-in-chief of the armed forces in the Estonian War of Independence.After the war, he served as a member of the Riigikogu from 1920 to 1929.

He was once again appointed commander-in-chief during the 1924 Communist coup attempt, and then again from 1934 to 1940, during the authoritarian regime of Konstantin Päts.

After the Soviet occupation in 1940, he was arrested and deported to Russia, where he died in prison in 1953.


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