Johann Benedict Listing
German mathematicianDied when: 74 years 152 days (892 months)
Star Sign: Leo
Johann Benedict Listing (25 July 1808 – 24 December 1882) was a German mathematician.J.B.Listing was born in Frankfurt and died in Göttingen.
He first introduced the term "topology", in a famous article published in 1847, although he had used the term in correspondence some years earlier.
He (independently) discovered the properties of the half-twisted strip at the same time (1858) as August Ferdinand Möbius, and went further in exploring the properties of strips with higher-order twists ( rings).
He discovered topological invariants which came to be called Listing numbers.In ophthalmology, Listing's law describes an essential element of extraocular eye muscle coordination.