Johann Christian Stark
German obstetricianDied when: 57 years 363 days (695 months)
Star Sign: Capricorn
Johann Christian Stark (13 January 1753 – 11 January 1811) was a German physician and obstetrician born in Oßmannstedt.His nephew, also named Johann Christian Stark (1769–1837), was a noted obstetrician.
He earned his doctorate in 1777 from the University of Jena, where in 1779 he became an associate professor.At Jena he was director of a health institute and subdirector of maternity hospital services.
Known as an outstanding clinical teacher, one of his better-known students was Adam Elias von Siebold (1775–1828).He was a physician to the Weimar Ducal Court, in particular Anna Amalia and Carl August of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
He was also the doctor of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Friedrich Schiller.In 1787 he became editor of the first obstetric-gynecological journal, Archivs für Geburtshilfe, Frauenzimmer und Neugeborener Kinder Krankheiten.
He also published works in the fields of pharmacology and pediatrics, and was the author of a treatise on the history of tetanus.
In addition, he is credited with making modifications to a number of obstetrical instruments and devices.