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John Nance Garner

American politician

Died when: 98 years 350 days (1187 months)
Star Sign: Sagittarius

 

John Nance Garner

John Nance Garner III (November 22, 1868 – November 7, 1967), known among his contemporaries as "Cactus Jack", was an American Democratic politician and lawyer from Texas.

He was the 32nd vice president, serving under Franklin D.Roosevelt from 1933 to 1941.He was also the 39th speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1931 to 1933.

Garner and Schuyler Colfax are the only politicians to serve as presiding officer of both houses of Congress.Garner began his political career as the county judge of Uvalde County, Texas.

He served in the Texas House of Representatives from 1898 to 1902 and won election to represent Texas in the United States House of Representatives in 1902.

He represented Texas's 15th congressional district from 1903 to 1933.Garner served as House Minority Leader from 1929 to 1931, and was elevated to Speaker of the House when Democrats won control of the House following the 1930 elections.

Garner sought the Democratic presidential nomination in the 1932 presidential election, but he agreed to serve as Franklin D.Roosevelt's running mate at the 1932 Democratic National Convention.

Roosevelt and Garner won the 1932 election and were re-elected in 1936.A conservative Southerner, Garner opposed the sit-down strikes of the labor unions and the New Deal's deficit spending.

He broke with Roosevelt in early 1937 over the issue of enlarging the Supreme Court, and helped defeat it on the grounds that it centralized too much power in the president's hands.

Garner again sought the presidency in the 1940 presidential election, but Roosevelt won the party's presidential nomination at the 1940 Democratic National Convention.

Roosevelt then chose Henry A.Wallace as his running mate.


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