Filipino politicianDied when: 38 years 294 days (465 months)
Star Sign: Leo
Apolinario Mabini y Maranan (Tagalog: [apolɪˈnaɾ.jo maˈbinɪ], July 23, 1864 – May 13, 1903) was a Filipino revolutionary leader, educator, lawyer, and statesman who served first as a legal and constitutional adviser to the Revolutionary Government, and then as the first Prime Minister of the Philippines upon the establishment of the First Philippine Republic.
He is regarded as the "utak ng himagsikan" or "brain of the revolution" and is also considered as a national hero in the Philippines.
Mabini's work and thoughts on the government shaped the Philippines' fight for independence over the next century.Two of his works, El Verdadero Decálogo (The True Decalogue, June 24, 1898) and Programa Constitucional de la República Filipina (The Constitutional Program of the Philippine Republic, 1898), became instrumental in the drafting of what would eventually be known as the Malolos Constitution.
Mabini performed all his revolutionary and governmental activities despite having lost the use of both his legs to polio shortly before the Philippine Revolution of 1896.
Mabini's role in Philippine history saw him confronting first Spanish colonial rule in the opening days of the Philippine Revolution, and then American colonial rule in the days of the Philippine–American War.
The latter saw Mabini captured and exiled to Guam by American colonial authorities, allowed to return only two months before his eventual death in May 1903.