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Mikhail Botvinnik

Chess player

Died when: 83 years 261 days (1004 months)
Star Sign: Leo

 

Mikhail Botvinnik Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (Russian: Михаи́л Моисе́евич Ботви́нник, pronounced [mʲɪxɐˈil məɪˈsʲejɪvʲɪtɕ bɐˈtvʲinʲnʲɪk]; August 17 [O.S. August 4] 1911 – May 5, 1995) was a Soviet chess player, who was the sixth World Chess Champion. Besides playing top-class competitive chess, he worked as an electrical engineer and computer scientist, and he was also a pioneer of computer chess. Botvinnik was the first world-class player to develop within the Soviet Union. He also played a major role in the organization of chess, making a significant contribution to the design of the World Chess Championship system after World War II and becoming a leading member of the coaching system that enabled the Soviet Union to dominate top-class chess during that time. His pupils include World Champions Anatoly Karpov, Garry Kasparov and Vladimir Kramnik.
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