Nazi at AuschwitzDied when: 96 years 272 days (1160 months)
Star Sign: Gemini
Oskar Gröning (10 June 1921 – 9 March 2018) was a German SS Unterscharführer who was stationed at the Auschwitz concentration camp.
His responsibilities included counting and sorting the money taken from prisoners, and he was in charge of the personal property of arriving prisoners.
On a few occasions he witnessed the procedures of mass killing in the camp.After being transferred from Auschwitz to a combat unit in October 1944, Gröning surrendered to the British at the end of the war; his role in the SS was not discovered.
He was eventually transferred to Britain as a prisoner of war and worked as a farm labourer.Upon his return to Germany, he led a normal life, reluctant to talk about his time in Auschwitz.
However, more than 40 years later, after learning about Holocaust denial, he decided to make public his activities at Auschwitz.He openly criticised those who denied the events that he had witnessed and the ideology to which he had subscribed.
Gröning was notable as a German willing to make public statements about his experience as an SS soldier, which were self-incriminating and which exposed his life to public scrutiny.
In particular, he confessed to stealing jewellery and money from gas chamber victims for his personal benefit.In September 2014, Gröning was charged by German prosecutors as an accessory to murder in 300,000 cases, for his role at the Auschwitz concentration camp.
His trial began in April 2015, after the court had ruled that, at the age of 93, he was still fit to stand trial.
The trial was held in Lüneburg, Germany.On 15 July 2015, he was found guilty of knowingly facilitating mass murder and sentenced to four years' imprisonment.
Following a number of unsuccessful appeals against the prison sentence, Gröning died on 9 March 2018 while hospitalized before he was set to begin his sentence.