American nuclear physicistDied when: 72 years 24 days (864 months)
Star Sign: Pisces
Edward Uhler Condon (March 2, 1902 – March 26, 1974) was an American nuclear physicist, a pioneer in quantum mechanics, and a participant during World War II in the development of radar and, very briefly, of nuclear weapons as part of the Manhattan Project.
The Franck–Condon principle and the Slater–Condon rules are co-named after him.He was the director of the National Bureau of Standards (now NIST) from 1945 to 1951.
In 1946, Condon was president of the American Physical Society, and in 1953 was president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
During the McCarthy period, when efforts were being made to root out communist sympathizers in the United States, Edward Condon was a target of the House Un-American Activities Committee on the grounds that he was a 'follower' of a 'new revolutionary movement', quantum mechanics;
Condon defended himself with a famous commitment to physics and science.Condon became widely known in 1968 as principal author of the Condon Report, an official review funded by the United States Air Force that concluded that unidentified flying objects (UFOs) have prosaic explanations.
The lunar crater Condon is named for him.