Which famous people have you outlived?

Slobodan Milosevic

President of Serbia

Died when: 64 years 203 days (774 months)
Star Sign: Leo


Slobodan Milosevic

Slobodan Miloševic (Serbo-Croatian Cyrillic: ???????? ?????????, pronounced [slobodan milo??e?it?]; 20 August 1941 – 11 March 2006) was a Yugoslav and Serbian politician who served as the president of Serbia within Yugoslavia from 1989 to 1997 (originally the Socialist Republic of Serbia, a constituent republic of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, from 1989 to 1992) and president of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1997 to 2000.

Formerly a high-ranking member of the League of Communists of Serbia (SKS) during the 1980s, he led the Socialist Party of Serbia from its foundation in 1990 until 2003.

Born in Požarevac, he studied law at the University of Belgrade Faculty of Law and joined the League of Socialist Youth of Yugoslavia as a student.

During the 1960s he served as an advisor to mayor of Belgrade Branko Pešic, and was later appointed chairman of Tehnogas and Beobanka, roles which he served until the 1980s.

Miloševic rose to power in 1987 by promoting populist and nationalist views, arguing for the reduction of power of Serbia's autonomous provinces and increased centralism.

He was elected president of Socialist Republic of Serbia in 1989 and led the anti-bureaucratic revolution, after which he reformed Serbia's constitution by transitioning Serbia to a multi-party system, and reduced the power of autonomous provinces.

Following the 1990 general elections, Miloševic enacted a dominant-party rule while his party retained control over key economic resources of the state.

The constituent republics of the Yugoslavia split apart amid the outbreak of the Yugoslav Wars, while Serbia and Montenegro formed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Miloševic played a major role in the wars, and negotiated the Dayton Agreement on behalf of Bosnian Serbs, which ended the Bosnian War in 1995.

During his reign, numerous anti-government and anti-war protests took place, while it is also estimated that between 50,000 and 200,000 people deserted the Miloševic-controlled Yugoslav People's Army, and that between 100,000 and 150,000 people emigrated from Serbia, refusing to participate in the wars.

During the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia in 1999, Miloševic was charged by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) with war crimes in connection with the Bosnian War, the Croatian War of Independence, and the Kosovo War.

He became the first sitting head of state to be charged with war crimes.Observers have described his political behavior as populist, eclectic and opportunist.

Miloševic resigned from the Yugoslav presidency amid demonstrations after the disputed presidential election of 24 September 2000, and was arrested by Yugoslav federal authorities on 31 March 2001 on suspicion of corruption, abuse of power, and embezzlement.

The initial investigation into Miloševic faltered due to lack of evidence, prompting prime minister Zoran Ðindic to extradite him to the ICTY to stand trial for war crimes instead.

At the outset of the trial, Miloševic denounced the Tribunal as illegal because it had not been established with the consent of the United Nations General Assembly; therefore, he refused to appoint counsel for his defence.

Miloševic conducted his own defence in the five-year trial, which ended without a verdict when he died in his prison cell in The Hague on 11 March 2006.

Miloševic suffered from heart ailments and hypertension, and died of a heart attack.The Tribunal denied any responsibility for Miloševic's death and said that he had refused to take prescribed medicines and medicated himself instead.

After Miloševic's death, the ICTY and the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals found that he was a part of a joint criminal enterprise which used violence to remove Croats, Bosniaks, and Albanians from large parts of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Kosovo.

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) concluded separately in the Bosnian Genocide Case that there was no evidence linking him to genocide committed by Bosnian Serb forces during the Bosnian War.

However, the Court did find that Miloševic and others in Serbia had violated the Genocide Convention by failing to prevent the genocide from occurring, by not cooperating with the ICTY in punishing its perpetrators, in particular general Ratko Mladic, and by violating its obligation to comply with the provisional measures the Court ordered.

Miloševic's rule has been described as authoritarian or autocratic, as well as kleptocratic, with numerous accusations of electoral fraud, political assassinations, suppression of press freedom and police brutality.

This content was extracted from Wikipedia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License