# Stephen Cole Kleene

## American mathematician

Died when: 85 years 20 days (1020 months)Star Sign: Capricorn

Stephen Cole Kleene (/'kle?ni/ KLAY-nee;January 5, 1909 – January 25, 1994) was an American mathematician.One of the students of Alonzo Church, Kleene, along with Rózsa Péter, Alan Turing, Emil Post, and others, is best known as a founder of the branch of mathematical logic known as recursion theory, which subsequently helped to provide the foundations of theoretical computer science.

Kleene's work grounds the study of computable functions.A number of mathematical concepts are named after him: Kleene hierarchy, Kleene algebra, the Kleene star (Kleene closure), Kleene's recursion theorem and the Kleene fixed-point theorem.

He also invented regular expressions in 1951 to describe McCulloch-Pitts neural networks, and made significant contributions to the foundations of mathematical intuitionism.