Sun Myung Moon
Founder of the Unification ChurchDied when: 92 years 191 days (1110 months)
Star Sign: Pisces
Sun Myung Moon (Korean: 문선명;Hanja: 文鮮明; born Yong Myung Moon; 6 January 1920 – 3 September 2012) was a Korean religious leader, also known for his business ventures and support for political causes.
A messiah claimant, he was the founder of the Unification movement (members of which considered him and his wife Hak Ja Han to be their "True Parents"), and of its widely noted "Blessing" or mass wedding ceremony, and the author of its unique theology the Divine Principle.
He was an anti-communist and an advocate for Korean reunification, for which he was recognized by the governments of both North and South Korea.
Businesses he promoted included News World Communications, an international news media corporation known for its American subsidiary The Washington Times, and Tongil Group, a South Korean business group (chaebol), as well as other related organizations.
Moon was born in what is now North Korea.When he was a child, his family converted to Christianity.In 1947, he was convicted by the North Korean government of spying for South Korea and given a five-year sentence to the Hŭngnam labor camp.
Moon and the other prisoners were freed by United Nations and United States troops in 1950 during the Korean War.In 1954, he founded the Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity in Seoul, South Korea based on conservative, family-oriented teachings from new interpretations of the Bible.
In 1971, he moved to the United States and became well known after giving a series of public speeches on his beliefs.
In the 1982 case United States v.Sun Myung Moon he was found guilty of willfully filing false federal income tax returns and sentenced to 18 months in federal prison.
His case generated protests from clergy and civil libertarians, who said that the trial was biased against him.Moon was criticized for making high demands of his followers.
His wedding ceremonies also drew criticism, especially after members of other churches took part, including Roman Catholic archbishop Emmanuel Milingo.
He was also criticized for his relationships with political and religious figures, including U.S.Presidents Richard Nixon, George H.
W.Bush and George W.Bush, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, North Korean President Kim Il Sung, and Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan.