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Jacob Emden

German rabbi

Died when: 78 years 320 days (946 months)
Star Sign: Gemini

 

Jacob Emden

Jacob Emden, also known as Ya'avetz (June 4, 1697 – April 19, 1776), was a leading German rabbi and talmudist who championed Orthodox Judaism in the face of the growing influence of the Sabbatean movement.

He was acclaimed in all circles for his extensive knowledge.Emden was the son of the Chacham Tzvi, and a descendant of Elijah Ba'al Shem of Chelm.

He lived most his life in Altona (now a part of Hamburg, Germany), where he held no official rabbinic position and earned a living by printing books.

His son was Meshullam Solomon, rabbi of the Hambro Synagogue in London who claimed authority as Chief Rabbi of the United Kingdom from 1765 to 1780.

The acronym Ya'avetz (also written Yaavetz) stands for the words Yaakov ben Tzvi (his father's name) (Hebrew: יעקב (עמדין) בן צבי - יעב"ץ).

Seven of his were published posthumously.


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